PAEDS

Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) was initiated in 2007 and is coordinated by the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance (NCIRS) and the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU). PAEDS conducts active, hospital-based surveillance of serious childhood conditions, particularly vaccine-preventable diseases and adverse events following immunisation.

PAEDS aims:

  • to actively collect detailed information that isn’t available from other surveillance systems, about children hospitalised with vaccine-preventable diseases and potential adverse events following vaccination
  • to inform vaccination policy and practice, including vaccine safety
  • to improve child health outcomes.

PAEDS is a network of clinicians and public health researchers in five Australian tertiary paediatric hospitals which also works with several associate investigators, collaborators and contributors.  PAEDS is funded by the Australian Government Department of Health with contributions from the state health departments of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland. Funding from NHMRC grants also supplements certain surveillance activities. PAEDS is also under the oversight of the PAEDS Reference Group, composed of representatives from all participating Departments of Health and independent expert groups.

The conditions included in PAEDS are acute flaccid paralysis, intussusception, varicella and herpes zoster, pertussis, febrile seizures and acute childhood encephalitis.

Newsletter

September Newsletter

Stay up to date with news on the surveillance of paediatric conditions related to vaccine preventable diseases, staff announcements, new publications and much more with our newsletters. The September 2015 newsletter features exciting new announcements and updates on how the new conditions under surveillance are going.

Latest News

In 2015 PAEDS submitted its first annual report for the Communicable Disease Intelligence Journal. With many thanks to Associate Professor Yvonne Zurynski for leading this manuscript, the report presents an account of surveillance undertaken through the PAEDS network since inception in 2007. Pending final publication, this report paves the way for ongoing outputs of this kind from PAEDS enabling all public health professionals to view the importance of PAEDS work.

A new study published in the journal Epidemiology and Infection has provided data and analysis demonstrating that PAEDS is an “efficient, sensitive and accurate surveillance mechanism for detecting cases of childhood encephalitis—including those associated with emerging infectious diseases”.

The study piloted active surveillance for suspected encephalitis from May to December 2013 at the Children’s Hospital in Westmead, Sydney, NSW. For the study, suspected encephalitis in children was identified using a variety different methods: the PAEDS method (consisting of nurses actively screening children’s admission records); monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid records, microscopy records, magnetic resonance imaging reports and pharmacy dispensing records. Out of the four methods, the PAEDS method was the most efficient and accurate mechanism for detecting suspected encephalitis.

The study’s authors concluded that active surveillance significantly increased the ascertainment of encephalitis cases compared to passive approaches in monitoring. The study is titled  Pilot surveillance for childhood encephalitis in Australia using the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) networkand is authored by P.N Britton, R.C Dale, E. Elliott, M. Festa, K. Macartney, R. Booy and C. A Jones. Read the article here.

 

Newsletter

June Newsletter

Stay up to date with news on the surveillance of paediatric conditions related to vaccine preventable diseases, staff announcements, new publications and much more with our newsletters. The August 2013 newsletter features exciting new announcements and updates on how the new conditions under surveillance are going.

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Latest News

In 2013, the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) recognised the work undertaken by PAEDS investigators and collaborators on pandemic influenza in children in their Ten of the Best Research Projects 2013. This work was done under a 2009 grant from the NHMRC as part of their Urgent Call for Research on H1N1 Influenza 09 to inform public policy [grant number 633028]. Congratulations to Professor Elizabeth Elliott, Dr Gulam Khandaker and all those involved in this work.